The Addax, Addax nasomaculatus, is listed as ‘CRITICALLY ENFANGERED’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. This desert-dwelling antelope was once found across northern Africa, but is now restricted to a much smaller area, in Niger, Chad, and possibly along the border between Mali and Mauritania.
The Addax has undergone a dramatic decline, mainly as a result of overhunting for its highly prized meat and leather. Other factors have also played a role, including drought and the encroachment of pastoralism into desert lands. Fewer than 300 Addax now survive in the wild, and its populations are highly fragmented. The largest herd of around 200 animals in the Tin Toumma area of Niger is threatened by oil exploration.
International trade in the Addax is banned under its listing on Appendix I of CITES, and the species is protected under national legislation in Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. Relatively large numbers of Addax exist in captive populations around the world, and are being used for reintroduction programmes in Tunisia and Morocco.
Geographidal Region of Addax
Credit: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™
To learn more about the Addax, click here. Or visit the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ by clicking their logo below.
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